Skip to main content

Martha Davis Collection

Identifier: WV 0447

Content Description

The collection includes various correspondence, September 1942-November 1948; military papers, including orders and mixed materials, May 1945-June 1946; newspaper clippings and full newsletters, May 1944-June 1946; various personal papers, August 1945-April 1946; various photographs of fellow soldiers and of Davis during her time as Army Special Services librarian, circa 1946; various souvenirs, including postcards, undated; various published materials, including Guinea Gold, "Hitler dead says Nazis," 3 May 1945; Free Phillipines, "Nazis surrender in Holland, Denmark, and N'West Germany," 5 May 1945; Le Patriote Illustre, 14 October 1945; "Weekend via Top Hat," No. 117, 14 October 1945 in WVHP Oversized general box 1, and a Scrapbook.


  • 1942 February 06-1948 November 08, undated.


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright is retained by the creators of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information. Please see our Sensitive Materials Statement.

Biographical / Historical

Martha Harrison Davis was born on September 11, 1912, in Goldsboro, North Carolina. She was a twin, but the brother William died in infancy. Davis graduated from Goldsboro High School in 1928 and began attending Salem College in Winston-Salem. After graduating with a Bachelor of Arts with a teaching certificate, she spent two years teaching in Mount Olive.

Davis returned to school in New York City to earn a degree in library science and stayed to work as a library liaison for a public library and a Yorkville neighborhood school. She returned to her home state to work at Fort Bragg as their librarian, serving with the military the remaining two years of the war.

She was chosen amongst nine other individuals to begin work overseas. First, in London indexing, reading, and creating catalogue cards relating to questions and answers from the Nuremburg trials. After this was completed, she was sent to Belgium to work with the 13th port in Antwerp and was responsible for establishing nine libraries for troops awaiting transport back to the states.

Once home, she began work as a school librarian in Tenafly, NJ, and later joining the staff of the New Jersey State Library. While in New Jersey, she met and married Dr. Edward Twining Schofield who worked as a library administrator for the Newark School system. Dr. Schofield was offered a job with the University of Hawaii to establish a school library and the couple lived there for 10 years. Also, the couple traveled extensively in the Pacific region.

The couple eventually settled in Chapel Hill, NC, and lived together until the death of Dr. Schofield in 2000. The couple did not have any children. Martha passed away on 17 November 2007 in Chapel Hill.


2.00 Linear Feet (15 folders, newspaper clippings in WVHP general oversized 1, and a scrapbook box.)

Language of Materials


Metadata Rights Declarations

  • License: This record is made available under an Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International Creative Commons license.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

This collection was purchased as a lot from eBay on 2009 January 22.

Condition Description

The condition of the collection is good.

Offensive Language Statement

The UNC Greensboro University Libraries collects, preserves, and makes accessible unique and historical materials for learning and research. The nature of historical materials is such that some material may represent positions, norms, and values that are offensive and objectionable. These materials represent the opinions and actions of their creators. By providing access to these records in our reading room and through our digital collections, we recognize that archives and rare books can play a vital role in holding those creators accountable and in helping us learn from the past.

Our finding aids and other collection descriptions may occasionally re-use language provided by creators or former holders of the materials, but we strive to place outdated or offensive terminology in context. That said, we recognize that we may not always make the right decision and welcome feedback from all sources so we can learn and adjust our practices. Please contact us at if you encounter problematic language in our finding aids or other collection description. We will review the language and, as appropriate, update it in a way that balances preservation of the original context with our ongoing commitment to describing materials with respectful and inclusive language.

Processing Information

Processed by Matthew McCarthy, Victoria Hinshaw.

Martha Davis Collection
Matthew McCarthy, Victoria Hinshaw
2022 April, 2023 January
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Martha Blakeney Hodges Special Collections and University Archives Repository

P.O. Box 26170
320 College Ave.
Greensboro NC 27402-6170 US