Wilma Leona Jackson Uniform Collection
Scope and Contents
The Wilma Leona Jackson Collection consists of Navy Nurse Corps uniforms, hats and accessories circa 1940s-1950s.
- 1954 - 1958
- Jackson, Wilma Leona (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Collection open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Copyright is retained by the creators of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information. Please see our Sensitive Materials Statement.
Wilma Leona Jackson was born in Union, Ohio in 1909. She earned her nursing degree in 1930 at Miami Valley Hospital in Dayton, Ohio. She joined the Navy Nurse Corps in 1936 and served at the Naval Hospital in Philadelphia from 1936-1939 and then transferred to the Naval Hospital in Brooklyn, NY in 1939. In 1940, she was sent overseas to the Naval Hospital at Guam. When the Japanese captured the island in December 1941, Jackson, along with three other navy nurses and all other U.S. military personnel, was taken prisoner. Jackson was freed in an exchange of prisoners in August 1942.
In 1944, she was promoted to Lieutenant and returned to Guam to serve as the Senior Nurse Corps Officer at the Fleet Hospital #103 until December 1945.
After WWII, Jackson served at hospitals in Washington D.C., Oakland, CA, and Portsmouth, VA. She returned to school in 1950 and graduated with degrees in nursing administration in 1952. In 1954, Jackson became the third director of the Navy Nurse Corps.
Jackson retired in 1958 as a Captain and returned to Ohio, where she died on March 23, 1998.
Jackson was awarded the American Defense Service Medal, the Asiatic Victory Medal, the National Defense Service Medal and a Commendation Ribbon.
1.50 Linear Feet (2 textile boxes)
Language of Materials
Wilma Leona Jackson served in the Navy Nurse Corps from 1936-1958. She served as the third director of the Navy Nurse Corps from 1954-1958. The collection consists of navy uniforms and uniform accessories.
Method of Acquisition
Purchased in 2006.
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Processed by Beth Ann Koelsch, October 2008.
- Wilma Leona Jackson Uniform Collection
- Beth Ann Koelsch
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